Power verses distance
"Power gearing indicates the power output of each
stride, where as distance gearing can be used as an
indication of the stride frequency and length. ".
Traditional gearing has been related to a horses
ideal distance, for this reason there has been some
confusion about the relationship that the new "power
gearing" has with "distance gearing" But it is
important to note that power and distance gearing
are both calculated using independent bones & levers,
and should not be compared, confused or directly
related to each other.
Power gearing indicates
the power output of each stride, where as distance
gearing can be used as an indication of the stride
frequency and length.Thus
power gearing has little
bearing on a horses most likely preferred distance,
rather it gives an indication of the ease of speed it
will travel over its ideal distance, whatever that may
Power gearing is what enables a horse to reach its
maximum top speed, and with the efficiency that ideal
gearing provides, sustain that over a period of time or
Where as distance gearing is what enables a horse to be most
effective over a particular distance,
Power gearing takes into
account both speed AND strength. Power gearing uses the
knowledge of levers to analyze the racehorses levers
that are primary responsible for its power, and their important relationship to
each other. They are assessed accordingly. For
optimal power gearing a racehorse requires the right
ratios of specific speed and strength levers..
Power gearing enables a racehorse to gallop at
speed over its ideal distance, whatever distance that
may be. As power gearing assesses
various levers in a compounding fashion, for either
strength or speed, and uses these relationships to form
each power rating, it is quite a complex formula.
The desired conformation power gearing varies little
between the sprinter and stayer, as they both need to reach there top max speeds, and sustain it over a
Its important to note the distance thoroughbreds race
over is quite restricted, being mostly from 800m to
2500m flat in Australia, unlike humans who often race
over 100m to marathon distances). Therefore it is reasonable to assume that the conformation required to
run over these similar distances may not vary a great
deal. it may go along the lines of "restricted distance
requires restricted conformation"
With distance gearing
each lever is assessed in isolation, and solely for
their speed or endurance traits. The independent ratings are then
totaled to estimate a horses ideal distance. Distance
gearing is a straight forward & simple formula,
Although conformation can be used as an indication
of a horses preferred distance, a factor that also
affects whether a horse is suited to sprint or distances
races, and even its stride pattern or feel to an
extent, its ideal distance is likely to be determined by
its dominant muscle type.
Thoroughbreds have a combination off three muscle types.
This is made up of 2 sprinting types, and one endurance
The sprinting muscle types produce thicker and shorter
bulging muscles which in turn produce shorter strides.
The endurance muscle is typically long, lean and
flexible. These potentially produce a easy going and
That said, although a horses conformation will not give
you a definite assessment of a horses ideal distance,
if you carefully consider a number of indicators of
speed and endurance, in a compounding fashion, you will
be able to use a horses conformation traits as a rough
guide to its preferred distance.
also be noted that a superior power geared horse, is
likely to be a versatile type, and even when geared for distance,
may well be capable of showing some sprinting form,
especially when fresh.
gearing is not just about speed over short distances,
Pictured we have the 2400ml Group 1 winner of the
STC Mercedes Classic (BMW ,
the well conformed
Curata Storm. Geared for both distance AND power.
Carin Park Stud
-Stayer verses Sprinter. Part 2
- Compounding isolation affect
Yearlings - Forecasting preferred distance via